You can experience pain in any part of your foot, from toes to ankles. The Achilles tendon, on the back of the heel, is not an exception. Sometimes foot pain can be a simple obstacle, preventing you from doing your daily routines.
But, there are cases in which it can be more serious, especially if it occurs as a result of an injury or a chronic disease.
The human foot consists of 26 bones, which are interconnected in the joints. We can say that it’s similar to a bridge, formed of several longitudinal and transverse vaults that hold the feet and lower muscles. When the strength of the foot muscles is in balance with the load forces, then the foot has a normal and unobtrusive function.
Over time, a large number of deformation may form, due to the long-term use of narrow footwear that disturb the normal foot function. The changes and deformities are most noticeable in the front area of the feet, which is also the most sensitive one.
The most common foot problem is the Hallux Valgus, which is a deformity of the toe. Bad feet are a consequence of many factors, for which we will speak more in the text below.
If you have a less severe foot pain, usually rest is enough for you to recover. But, in case of a severe foot pain, medical assistance may be required. If not treated, some types of foot pain may result in irreversible damage or even long-term disability.
TYPES OF FOOT PAIN AND HOW TO TREAT IT
To help you recognize the potential cause of your foot pain or discomfort, first it’s necessary to localize the pain. We recommend you not to try to figure out and treat the cause of your pain by yourself. Even though your symptoms may be the same as other people’s symptoms, it does not mean that the injury is the same and that it needs an equal treatment.
Here we show you the most common types of foot pain.
If the pain is located in your heels, then you most probably have plantar fasciitis. This is an inflammation of the tough tissue, which connects the toes and the heel bone. The pain is most intensified in the morning, after you wake up and get out of bed.
To treat heel pain, you need to rest your legs, do foot muscle stretches, and wear shoes with a cushioned sole and arch support.
These are another type of foot pain, caused by abnormal heel growths. The most common causes are abnormal posture and walking in uncomfortable shoes. The growths or spurs usually hurt while walking, and sometimes even while standing. Also, there are people who have them, but don’t experience pain.
To treat heel spurs, you need to rest your legs, wear heel pads and comfortable shoes, try physical therapy, and use pain relievers.
An inflammation of the ball of the foot can cause you pain, and it’s known as Metatarsalgia. Wearing tight shoes or strenuous activities, such as jumping or running, are the most common causes of this type of foot pain.
Treatment is usually with ice and rest, pain relievers, and shoe inserts that relieve the pressure of the padded portion of your sole.
Usually, it affected the arch and heels, causing you stabbing pain. Its symptoms are the worst in the morning, when you get out of bed and step your feet on the ground.
You can treat it with ice, rest, stretching exercises, and over-the-counter pain medications.
This is a form of inflammatory arthritis, affecting the toes. It’s when crystals of uric acid collect in the joints, causing swelling and severe pain.
You can treat it ice, rest, proper nutrition, and prescribed medications, such as prednisone or colchicine.
This is a bony bump that deforms the joint at the base of the big toe. Usually, it’s caused by wearing tight, poorly fitting shoes, and mostly affects people as they age.
You can try easing the pain by wearing shoe inserts or comfortable shoes. However, doctors usually suggest a surgical intervention to remove it.
CORNS AND CALLUSES
Corn is a hard, thickened area of the skin that’s mostly subjected to pressure. Callus is also a thickened area of skin, but on a wider surface. They appear as a consequence of pressure, rubbing or friction on the skin.
Rest is often recommended to alleviate the pain. Also, you can soak your feet in warm water and rub the skin buildup with a pumice stone.
WHAT CAUSES FOOT PAIN
Injuries, disease, and trauma are the most common causes of foot pain. Here we show you an extensive list of what’s causing you pain and discomfort.
- Achilles tendinitis
- Bone spurs
- Broken bone
- Joint inflammation
- Ill-fitting shoes
- High heels
- Raynaud’s disease
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Morton’s neuroma
- Uric acid crystals
If you cannot handle the severity of the foot pain, we recommend you to consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.